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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, or RTF document file format.
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.

Author Guidelines

Guidelines for authors

Author(s) are advised to carefully prepare their articles and to unsure that they communicate effectively. Papers are most likely to be accepted if they are carefully prepared in line with the guidelines. It is thus important that authors go through the guidelines several times to ensure that they adhere to them as closely as possible.

Structure of original research articles

Title page information

Title: It must be concise and highly informative. Titles are crucial in information retrieval systems thus authors are advised to avoid abbreviations and formulae as far as possible.

Author names and affiliations: Provide the given name(s) and family name(s) (surname), ensuring that they are correctly spelt. Indicate all affiliations with a lower-case superscript letter immediately after the author's name and in front of the appropriate address. The address (preferably postal) for each affiliation must be provided, including the country, email address of each author, fax and telephone number(s) if available. As asterisk (*) must be placed after the corresponding author’s name as superscript whose email id can be given at the bottom left corner of the title. It is the responsibility of the corresponding author to ensure that all co-authors are aware and approve the contents of the submitted work.




A concise and factual abstract is required (not more than 200 words). The abstract should state briefly the purpose of the research, methodology, the principal results and major conclusions. An abstract is often presented separately from the article, so it must be able to stand alone. For this reason, References should be avoided, but if essential, then cite the author(s) and year(s). Also, non-standard or uncommon abbreviations should be avoided, but if essential they must be defined at their first mention in the abstract itself.


For indexing purposes provides a maximum of five (5) keywords. Avoid abbreviations, unless these are well established in the field.


Should provide a clear statement of the problem, state the objectives and relevant literature on the subject.

Materials and Methods

This should be detailed enough to allow the work to be reproduced by an independent researcher. Methods that are already published should be summarized, and indicated by a reference. If quoting directly from a previously published method, use quotation marks and also cite the source. Any modifications to existing methods should also be described.


The results must be clear and concisely which can be enhanced with the help of appropriate illustrative material that is, graphical e.g. tables and/or figures.


Interpret findings in view of the results obtained in the current work and in past studies on the same or almost similar topic. A combined Results and Discussion section is often appropriate. Avoid extensive citations and discussion of published literature.


Present the main conclusions of your study in a short standalone section or as a subsection of a Discussion.


Should there be need for an acknowledgement, it must be included at the end of the paper just before the references. Acknowledge only those individuals, companies or both, who directly contributed to the work through supporting grants, providing language help, writing assistance or proof reading the article, etc.).


WIJAS uses the American Psychological Association (APA) referencing style. Please use the heading References AND NOT Bibliography.  Authors are encouraged to spend a lot of time looking up formatting rules at ( ). An example of how a possible reference list may look like is given below:

APA Reference examples

Ajournalarticle, K. H., Spud, P. T., & Entomologists, S. A. (2017). Title of journal article goes here. Journal of Research in Soil Science, 22, 236-252. doi:10.1016/0032-026X.56.6.895*

B’Onlinesources, S. O. (2016). Search for answers at and include issue numbers after volume numbers when there is no DOI. Journal of Articles Without Digital Object Identifiers, 127 (3), 816-826.

Cmagazinearticle, B. E. (2009, July). Note the last names on this page: Each source type has to be formatted in a different way. [Special issue]. Prose Magazine, 126 (5), 96-134.

Dbookreference, S. M., Orman, T. P., & Carey, R. (1967). Google scholar’s “cite” feature is usually accurate and time-saving. New York, NY: Pearson.

O’encyclopedia, S. E. (1993). Words. In The new encyclopedia Britannica (vol. 38, pp. 745-758). Chicago, IL: Penguin.

Pchapter, P. R., & Inaneditedvolume, J. C. (2001). Scientific research papers provide evidence of frustration with giant style manuals. In P. Z. Wildlifeconservation, R. Dawkins, & J. H. Dennett (Eds.), Research papers are hard work but boy are they good for you (pp. 123-256). New York, NY: Simon & Schuster.

Qosenberg, Morris. (1994, September 11). This is how you cite an online news article that has an author. The Washington Post. Retrieved from

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